The introduction of the sewing machine dates back to the industrial revolution when clothes were stitched by hand. Since the invention of the marvelous sewing machine, the painful laborious act of stitching up fabric with the help of a needle and thread by hand has been replaced by this wondrous machine. A sewing machine can be manual or automatic. The first sewing machine was made in 1791 by Thomas Saint. This machine was actually used for sewing canvas and leather. An Austrian tailor named Josef Madersperger also came up with his version of a sewing machine in 1814.
There are many mechanisms which have developed in the past decades to augment this process. The first chain stitch sewing machine, using a single thread, was invented by James Edward Allen Gibbs in 1857. There have been many controversies surrounding the stitches that were incorporated in the sewing machines. A lot of them were settled only through long lawsuits. The 1900’s saw the emergence of the first electric sewing machine in the market. It was introduced by Singer Sewing Company in 1889. Slowly many companies started introducing sewing machine with more appealing colors and designs. Company owners started believing in functionality of the machine without forgetting about the way these machines looked.
Development of the Sewing Machine
This led to manufacture of very well designed sewing machine making them look attractive and functional at the same time. This aspect had a very positive effect on the sales of the sewing machine. The first computerized sewing machine was launched in 1987. The first product which was made from it was a pair of shoes. This machine had highly sophisticated vision sense which led to increase in accuracy of the designs being made. Any deviation in the design was detected very quickly. The vision sense was not just aimed at detection of an error but also correcting it with great speed. It was one step ahead of the other computerized version of sewing machine.
The most common stitches that a typical sewing machine can make are Lock stitch, over lock, cover stitch and chain stitch. Lock stitch is mostly used in homes to repair clothes. The further movement of the cloth as it is being stitched is called feed. There are different feed mechanisms in different sewing machines. There are five types of feed mechanisms and they are drop feed, needle feed, puller, walking foot and manual feed.
The Sewing Machine and its Different Types
There are certain types of sewing machine which are specifically meant for embroidery. There are other high end machines which are used for industrial purposes. Some of the sewing machines can be used to stitch leather clothing, shoes and other items made from leather. The needle and the thread used in them are very different than the ones used in conventional sewing machines. Some sewing machines also have the ability to stitch button-holes.
People who are professionals in the field of stitching often purchase machines which serve most of these purposes. There are two other stitches known as blanket stitch and crochet stitch. Some of the sewing machines are incorporated with the ability to stitch in these two styles. Various companies are constantly working towards making stitching easier for eager beginners as well as professionals. The newer and modern sewing machine has helped create newer designs and this has further helped people involved in stitching, both personally and professionally.